4 Disciplines of Execution

At the beginning of my DLL journey, I thought that process of developing my innovation plan was complete after developing the proposal, outline, literature review and video.  I couldn’t have been any more wrong with that assumption.  I learned that there is so much more than that needs to be done to ensure that it’s successful.  I realized that I need to ensure engagement from others by implementing at least four influences from my influencer model.  I was able to incorporate multiple influences, in order to ensure that all teachers and students in the high school, will consistently use ePortfolios, by the end of the 2020-2021 school year in order to prepare students for their post-secondary lives.  At this point I realize that this will never be “done”.  Chris McChesney, Sean Covey, and Jim Huling helped me focus on a wildly important goal and to create a 4DX plan, to avoid the whirlwind.  Life happens and everyone needs to plan to get past the it.

The 4DX Plan

The 4DX Plan is comprised of four disciplines, within five stages of change.  When I was learning about the 4dx plan, two positives came to mind.  The first part of the plan that I focused on was the discipline two.  I think that a lot of individuals get lost after they set a goal because they only look at the lag measure and not the lead measure.  It’s extremely important, because the lead measure is like a checklist of how to achieve the lag measure.  I know that I truly benefit from checklists.  Being a special education teacher, a lot of my students benefit from checklists.  I think that this is a great way to stay organized and on track with accomplish the WIG.  The second positive was that it encourages teamwork.  By working together, to accomplish as goal, it’s that more achievable.  Being able to give feedback, ideas, and be a support system can really help all involved.  Following the 4DX plan will really help all involved in my innovation plan, to implement ePortfolios at my high school.

My 4DX Plan for Implementing ePortfolios

I have create a 4DX plan, to implement ePortfolios into the classroom, at the high school.  I plan to share this with others, teachers that are piloting the program and administrators, to get feedback.  I would then like to send a revised version to the faculty and get feedback, to make any additional changes to the 4DX plan.


The Five Stages of Change

To prepare for the change that will be occurring,  in addition to the influencer model, I created The Five Stages of Change.  This will be used to appropriate steps are taken to ensure a successful change.

The fIVE sTAGES (1)

4DX Plan vs. The Influencer Model

When comparing the 4DX plan and the influencer model, one would think that they are the same.  When completing this assignment, I asked myself the same question in the beginning.  They both have goals, when looking at the wildly important goal and desired results.  They both want to influence the audience.  They both want to evoke change.  There is a major difference though.  The 4DX takes a more systematic, “business-like” approach to change; while the influencer model tries to tap into the individuals’ emotions.  The 4DX also takes the “whirlwind” or life into account.  Life happens and it can be a very powerful thing that can completely derail any plans.  I believe that both are equally important and need to be considered.  While continuing to develop my innovation plan, I’m going to reference both the 4DX plan and the influencer model, to plan for a successful change in my organization.



Chesney, C., Covey, S. & Huling, J.  (2012) The 4 disciplines of execution.  New York, NY:  Franklin Covey Co.

Grenny, J., Patterson, K., Maxfield, D., McMillan, R., & Switzler, A. (2013). Influencer: The new science of leading change: 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.


Getting Past the Whirlwind


I think that this is a common issue we all face, getting past the whirlwind.  Our whirlwinds are all the things we have going on in our lives.  Throughout the DLL program, I for some reason, have had a major conflict happening throughout each course.   It included  a death in the family, pet illness, moving, mystery shooting pains in my head, a stressful situation a work.  This was addition to my everyday life.  When thinking about my goal of doing well and completing the DLL program, to the best of my ability, it was definitely a significant factor that at times limited the execution of this goal.  These were major distractions, in my life, that at times took a toll on me and the goal I set for myself.

I really like 4DX, because it allows an individual to focus on one to two goals to accomplish.  I think that the combination of the whirlwind and the excess goals can be deadly.  It’s more manageable and easier to focus one to two goals  and then create the steps or checklist of goals to accomplish to get to the WIG.

My Influencer Strategy

We are creatures of habit and sometimes it can feel difficult to change.  In reality, change isn’t hard or difficult, it’s uncomfortable.  People tend to let the phrase “if it’s not broke, don’t fix it” run their classroom.  The problem with that mentality is that, the world is changing, so should the way that we teach and prepare our students for post-secondary life must change as well.  To prepare our students for the future, we need to teach them to be lifelong learners.  I am currently working on my innovation plan to implement ePortfolios throughout my high school.  This will be a change for administration, teachers and students.  This will be a great change for my institution that allows students to make choices, take ownership, and have their own voice while participating in authentic learning.

My desired result is to have all teachers and students, in the high school, will consistently use ePortfolios, by the end of the 2020-2021 school year in order to prepare students for their post-secondary lives.  In the initial stages of my innovation plan, I plan to have a pilot group use ePortfolios in the classroom.  Following the year of the piloting group, the rest of the high school teaching staff will then start to use ePortolios in their classrooms.

Being able to measure results is a crucial part of my innovation plan.  I need to be able to monitor my initiative, of the implementation of ePortfolios, in the classroom.  To be able to measure the results, I will survey teachers and students about ePortfolio usage and will take the positives and areas of need into account.  By getting feedback from teachers and students, I will be able to correct the issues to make sure this is a meaning experience for all.  I will also collect both teacher and student exemplars.  These can be used as references for others and help to guide them throughout the ePortfolio process.  Another way that will aid the learning process, of implementing ePortfolios, are observations.  The only way to continue to grow to collaborate, get feedback and reflect.  All teachers will have the opportunity to showcase how they are using ePortfolios in their classroom and received feedback on the positives and be given suggestions on how to continue to grow.

In order to achieve my desired goal, it needs to extend beyond just my plan.  There are some vital behaviors that my co-workers must exhibit.  So for the students believe teachers about the importance of ePortfolios, we need to “walk the walk”.  Teachers and administration must create and model how to properly use an ePortfolio.  Students need to see that we are invested in this initiative and they we have found out “why”.  By creating and modeling how to use an ePortfolio, we are setting up expectations.  To continue to address the importance of ePortfolios, teachers need to consistently use them in their classroom. In my innovation plan, I stated that teachers will assign one assignment, related to ePortfolios, per week.  In addition to the assignment, teachers will also require that students reflect on a learning experience and collaborate with others. The last vital behavior, is for the staff to meet to collaborate and work with each other to continue to learn and grow with the ePortfolio initiative.

The administrators play a major role in my implementation plan.  I need to be able to gain not only their approval, but continued support of my initiative.  Their continued support will keep teachers motivated to consistently use ePortfolios.  It is also up to the teachers to use ePortfolios, in a positive way, in their classrooms.  It is up to the teachers to show the students the benefits of learning to use an ePortfolio and to focus on the learning process.  With the support and consistent use from both administrators and teachers, this innovation plan will have great potential for success.

Influencer Strategy

Change can be uncomfortable for most, which is why most stray away and don’t actually change.  In order to change the behaviors within my organization, I plan to use the Six Sources of Influence.  This Influencer Model provides six different ways to influence change.  In a video that I watched, Washed Up video , it stated that using four or more of the influences actually increases the chances of success by ten times.

Prior to learning about the Influence Model, I believed that innovation plan was ready to go.  After reading more into the ways to make this change happen, I’ve realized that I’m not getting into the key details to make sure the plan runs smoothly.  This model has helped me to look at the big picture and work backwards, to figure out how I will make this change within my organization.  After pinpointing the vital behaviors; measures; and organizational influencers, I know that I’m ready to create change.

six sources


All Washed Up (2010). Retrieved from https://youtu.be/osUwukXSd0k

Grenny, J., Maxfield, D., & Shimberg, A. (2013). How to 10X your influence. [eDocument]. Retrieved February 5, 2019, from https://learn-us-east-1-prod-fleet01-xythos.s3.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/5c082f78d4ba4/2689925?response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%2A%3DUTF-8%27%2710x%2520Your%2520Influence%2520Research%2520Report.pdf&response-content-type=application%2Fpdf&X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Date=20190210T171928Z&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host&X-Amz-Expires=21600&X-Amz-Credential=AKIAIBGJ7RCS23L3LEJQ%2F20190210%2Fus-east-1%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz Signature=c141185d03174571bab9155c2f7ce9768d4ed5753ebb9f4989ff602c3c86a582


Make Peer Influence a Positive Thing


Peer influence can be a powerful thing.  I believe that individuals usually stereotype peer influence as a bad thing,  I mean I think we all recall our parents asking us, “if your friends jump off a bridge would you too?”.  But peer influence can also be used for good.  It can be used to get others to change unwanted behaviors.

After watching the Washed Up video , it was pretty evident that peer influence plays a big part and changing behavior.  Once a child told the others to wash their hands, then 11 out of the 12 did.  I think that I can use peer influence, to start, in piloting stage of my initiative.  My fellow teachers that start to use ePortfolios can but used to influence other co-workers, to use them consistently in their classroom.  As for the students, the teachers can pick students that are excited to use ePortfolios, to give input on the during discussions.  But this might not be enough, it was stated that by using four or more sources of influence the chances of success go up ten times.

I think that all six sources influences must be explored.  As stated in the video, four or more influences should be used for the best chances of success.  Some sources of influence may be more applicable to the group than others.   So I believe when trying to create change, all sources must be explored in case some don’t work.  As long as a teacher is persistent and keep trying to incorporate sources of influence, change is possible.

Change Behavior


Jeni Cross mentions that our greatest adversary is common sense.  It really surprised me, but it appears that common sense can actually hinder those who are trying to change behavior.  The first myth that Jeni mentions is that education will change behavior.  I can see why others may think that educating an individual would change them, but after watching the videos last week I was assured to know it’s the heart that changes behavior, not the head.  The second myth that Jeni mentioned is that you need to change attitudes to change behavior.  She stated that it was actually the other way around.  We need to set expectations and connect to their values.  The last myth that Jeni mentioned is that people knows what motivates them to take action.  Truly we don’t know what motivates us, we can guess but we really don’t know what it is.

Dr. Cross and the Influencer’s Model were similar because they both focus on trying to change behavior.  Even though Dr. Cross mentions that we don’t know what motivates us, the influencer’s model gives options to that can be used to change behavior.   I hope that I can change my students’ behaviors throughout the course of my ePortfolio initiative, by using the Influencer’s Model.

What’s Your Why?

Fake Dictionary, Dictionary definition of the word why.

In my high school math classroom, with struggling learners, I’m not a stranger to the word and question “why”.  Since it’s not a particular area of interest to my students, they really want to know that there is a purpose to the task at hand.  Just like my students, I want to know that there is a reason and that I’m not wasting my time.  After reflecting about my innovation plan and my learning so far along my Digital Learning and Leading journey, I was able to solidify my why, how and what.

Why: I believe that I must prepare my students for their post-secondary lives as lifelong learners, by teaching them to reflect on their learning and to accept challenges throughout the learning process.

How: I will create an authentic learning environment through the use of technological tools to allow students to learn, collaborate with others and reflect on the learning process; to prepare students for their post-secondary lives.

What: Students will create an ePortfolio that depicts their learning process, that will build a foundation for how they learn and will continue to learn, as lifelong learners.

In a world of standardized tests, grades and GPAs; I really feel that the learning process gets lost.  By incorporating my “why, how, what”, I believe that along with myself and the students the administration will see how my implementation of ePortfolios for students will change how they learn.  Instead of drilling information into their heads, so to speak, they will be finding the information and learning at a deeper level through reflection and collaboration.  Instead of teaching the students the information that we think is necessary, they are able to learn information and make meaningful connections while the teacher facilitates.  These three simple words can really initiate a monumental change in education.

While I was developing my innovation plan, I really tried to focus on the “why”.  My thought during the process was, if I can’t find the “why” in my plan, then how can my students?   By knowing the “why”, my students will not be motivated by the grades, which won’t make a meaningful connection that will truly stick with them.  By knowing the “why”, my students will be intrinsically motivated to want to do their best and want to learn.  This will have a much better result, rather than just feeding my students information and facts that I think will motivate them.  As I previously stated in my last post, Tim Asacker stated: “Information doesn’t move us, desire moves us.”

When establishing a sense of urgency, for change, students need to really understand the importance.  They need to know the “why” or the importance of this urgent matter.  Dr. Kotter mentions in the “Leading Change: Establish a Sense of Urgency” video that this needs to be done in the beginning.  I have to say I completely agree.  Without beginning with the “why” students aren’t really going to connect to what’s going on in the classroom.  I really feel that when students find their “why” during the task at hand, it will “win over their hearts and minds.” (Kotter, 2011)   I really believe that my statements create a sense of urgency for my school to shift their focus from grades to the learning process.  My statements will urge my school to focus on the learning process, instead of collecting the dots, and in turn allow students to have the most beneficial learning experience.



Asacker, T. (2014, June 30). Why TED talks don’t change people’s behaviors: Tom Asacker at TEDxCambridge 2014. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W0jTZ-GP0N4&feature=youtu.be

Kotter, J. (2011, March 23). John Kotter – The heart of change. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/1NKti9MyAAw

Kotter, J. (2013, August 15). Leading change: establish a sense of urgency. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/2Yfrj2Y9IlI 

To deliver results start with why? (2018, June 26). Retrieved from https://www.clomedia.com/2016/08/17/to-deliver-results-start-with-why/

The Head Won’t Go Where the Heart Hasn’t Been


Change can be a difficult concept to grasp for a lot of people.  I personally have had to move away from my fixed mindset to a growth mindset.  I really did not like change.  I was flexible in the classroom and would adapt for students needs and, or so I thought.  After taking my first class I realized that I was not as flexible and open minded as I thought.  Along with noticing how I dealt with change, I also became in tune with how others’ idea of change.  After watching the videos for the week, I know that I need to focus on the heart and not just the facts when trying to promote change.

I think we traditionally targeted the mind and ignored the heart, when trying to promote change, because people that that they need to prove their point with facts.  When I think of this, it makes me think about when I’m speaking with my students about preparing for the future.  I think that there are so many times that we try to reach our high school students that feel like they have no direction, to ignite a spark and to want to prepare for their future.  Just giving facts about isn’t going to ignite that change in the student. Teachers need to inspire students to feel good of their true self and identity, to learn their truth and a desire to be their best.  Then in turn, students will be motivated to prepare for their desired future.  As Tom Asacker stated, “Information doesn’t move us, desire moves us”.

Answering the why is such an important part of change.  The “why” is the motivation  to do the things we do.  If an individual is able to answer the “why”,  they have a reason and become intrinsically motivated.  This can easily be related to the classroom.  There are students that are either motivated by grades or not.  If the student that isn’t motivated by grades can understand the “why” of the assignment they will be intrinsically motivated to want to do the assignment, because they see the relevancy of the assignment.  It is our goal as teachers to be able to help the students find the “why” in anything we do in the classroom.



Asacker, T. (2014, June 30). Why TED talks don’t change people’s behaviors: Tom Asacker at TEDxCambridge 2014. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W0jTZ-GP0N4&feature=youtu.be

Follow the way that your heart leads you. (2017, May 25). Retrieved from https://www.slickwords.com/follow-the-way-that-your-heart-leads-you/